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‘War and Peace.’ Peace, Not War, Yes! But, How Much Should Be The Price Of Peace?

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“Pakistan did Not kill My Dad. War Killed Him!” These are the words of Gurmehar Kaur,       a 20 year old student of the Delhi University, with regard to her father Captain Mandeep Singh’s death in the Indo-Pak Kargil War of 1999 (when Pakistani troops infiltrated Kargil which is a part of Indian Administered Kashmir), at which time she was just over two and    a half years, which stirred a “Hornest’s Nest” in the Ramjas College campus, with members of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party accusing her of being pro-Pakistan. The students of the Delhi University and the secularist brigade including the leftists on the other hand are firmly in support of Gurmehar and are taking the opportunity to rake up the demand for ‘Azadi for Kashmir’ and condemn the ABVP’s hysterical outburst over her neutral remark. Was Gurmehar Kaur right, or was she being unduly diplomatic towards Pakistan, in making the impersonal statement? 

How did Gurmehar arrive at that opinion? Her mother Rajvinder Kaur explained that it was she who led her think of her father’s martyrdom during the war in that objective manner. Gurdeep as a child reacted towards the loss of the father in the war in the same as anybody generally would. She harboured deep resentment and hatred against Pakistan and its Muslim citizens for taking her father away from her through the War. Her mother grew anxious to see her little daughter growing up with such severe, negative feelings, even if it was towards Pakistan, India’s political enemy and its people, and so she made her think of the tragedy from a different point of view, that no matter who might have waged the war against India, it is War itself that is the real Evil. Probably Rajvinder Kaur believed in fighting against the Pakistani invaders in the Gandhian manner, by Dialogue and nonviolent and peaceful ‘Satyagraha’, or passive Noncooperation, as Gandhiji did for India’s Independence. Dialogue is in principle, the best way to resolve conflicts, but it is effective only if both parties or nations are willing to understand each other and come round to arrive at a compromise that would benefit the people of both nations, instead of making it an ego issue to acquire or hold on to a land against the will of the people. Or else, each nation should evolve an administrative policy whereby their citizens are pacified to stay with them than join hands with  the other side. Otherwise Dialogue, for mere appearance sake, will end nowhere, and both the sides will just ‘Die Logging!’

The Pakistani enemy of India is of a different type from the British, not amenable to peaceful settlement of the Kashmir issue. Also, as per the information that has been received from the British sources lately, it was the active and fierce fight-back policy of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his Indian National Army(Azad Hind Fauj) which actually intimidated the British Colonials and led them to Quit India, rather than Gandhi Bapu’s ‘Fast Unto Death’ strategy in protest of the British Rule, as is commonly impressed onto the minds of the majority of gullible Indians!

What Gurmehar’s mother taught her may have been the right thing to do when Gul, as she is called by her family and friends, was a kid. But Now that she is grown up enough to understand how and why the war took place, her mother should have told her all the facts that led to the battle without hiding the other side of why it became necessary , or adopting a goody-goody stand.For what she had said to Gul was the ‘Half-truth’ or ‘Ardha-Satya’ without explaining the Precipitating factors of the War. At least at this point, when her brainwashing of Gul is bringing her into serious and unnecessary conflict with the staunch opponents of Pakistan and its people because of her immature ingrained convictions, it is time for the mother to have an adult-to-adult talk with her to make her see the event from a mature point of view in place of the earlier escapist idea arising from hesitation to ‘Call  A Spade A Spade’!The concept she put into Gurmehar’s mind was like saying “The Thief did Not loot My Money. The Theft led to My Loss!”That puts the Onus for the theft on both sides, by suggesting that if the Thief was wrong in stealing my money,             I too was at fault by keeping my money carelessly, thus Creating an Occasion for the Theft! 

The people who are offended by Gurmehar’s equivocal attitude towards her father’s martyrdom should also challenge her by logical and patient reasoning, not by mudslinging, as the Right Wingers are doing.  She has to be made to understand that though War as such is undeniably an Evil, there are circumstances when it becomes unavoidable for  a country to protect its people from another nation which threatens its safety, stability and integrity by fighting with it. If the War was absolutely wrong and uncalled for, Rajvinder Kaur should have prevented her husband from participating in the war or fighting with the militants at the risk of his life and made him change his profession, or she should not have married an Army Man in the first place! By terming War itself as an inexcusable evil, she has degraded her husband’s martyrdom to a mere pathetic casualty of the War!

Of course, War should be the last resort to deal with an enemy nation. An attempt should indeed be made first to come to an agreement with it by positive dialogue , and by using.   all the methods available to settle differences – ‘Saam, Daam, Dand, Bhed’- but in the end, Peace or Compromise  cannot be arrived at by only onesided effort. The Leaders of Both Nations have to cooperate with one another for the sake of their respective country’s citizens’lives. Hence War becomes a necessary evil for a country’s political leaders and defense forces, to save their country from Slavery or Loss of Land, in the case of an uncompromising and aggressive enemy! Otherwise, Our Kashmiri Hindus will be reduced to the same state and fate as the Tibetans, viz.  loss of Jammu -Kashmir State, with more exiles and refugees into our country ; or they will have to resign themselves to be converted and slaves of the Pakistanis!                                                                                                

We keep on swearing “Kashmir Hamara Hai, aur Hamara Hi Rahega!” But, in all these 70 years of India’s Independence, we have not been able to remove the Article 370 from our Constitution, and make Kashmir fully and undisputedly Ours! We are complacent with the assurance that “Hamari Army Kashmirpar Hamara Haq Banaye Rakhneke Liye Lad Rahi Hai.Hamare Jawan Usike Liye Shaheed Ho Rahe Hain!  Aatankvadiyonko Maar Rahe Hain.Kashmir Kahin Nahi Ja Raha hai. Kashmir Hamara Hai!”                                                         

If Pakistan had been in India’s place, they would have scrapped the Article long ago!            That is because there is more solidarity among their citizens than in India, in that they      are not hampered in the consideration or implementation of any decision taken by their High Command by Pseudosecularists and Pseudo-Peacemakers as in India, who make our Government lame and weak. Sad to say, many of these socalled Seculars are elite Hindus, who deserve to be called ‘Bhondus’, that is ‘Fake’! In their fixation to the idea of ‘Peaceful /Neutral’ dealing with hostile or unfriendly nations,which according to them is intellectualism’, they are ‘neutering ‘, namely, castrating the ‘Morale’ of their own nation!

 Rajvinder Kaur and Gurmehar Kaur should see  the eye-opening multi starrer Hindi film ‘Border’ in which there is a meaningful dialogue between Sunil Shetty, playing a Senior Army Officer, and Akshay Khanna, who was partaking in a war for the first time and was loathed do  to shoot a Pakistani soldier caught sneaking into the Indian side of the Border on his superior’s order. Akshay, or whatever name his character in the film is called by,     cried and begged his senior officer not to make him take the life of  the Pakistani soldier, as the latter had not attacked them directly. On that, the Superior Officer explained to               the Junior soldier, like Lord Krishna did to Arjun on the battlefield of Mahabharata, that it was imperative to shoot the encroacher; for if he did not shoot  the trespasser, the latter would shoot him and capture his land, which no soldier sworn and dedicated to save his Nation’s integrity, security and dignity has the right to allow! Too much tendency to pacify an enemy for Peace amounts to Complacency, which is liable to be seen Not as Goodness  but as an Apologetic Attitude, COWARDICE and WEAKNESS by the enemy, and as INFIDELITY towards the Nation’s citizens and soldiers, and HYPOCRISY, namely,      ‘Haathi ke Daant, Dikhaneke Alag, Khaneke Alag’, by their Subjects!

Each living being has three ways of defending itself – ‘Fight, Fright, or Flight’. The latter two defences, of Flight or Submission out of Fright, are needed to save oneself when faced with an enemy whom one cannot cope with. Human beings have one more option, of resolving a conflict by Dialogue, but that requires the will to understand the other party and settle disputes on both sides; if that is not there, the only defense for a nation having the fitness to fight, is War. As said before, that option should be used as the Last Resort, but when such need arises, it is Cowardice to avoid it under the veneer of ‘Peace’! Gandhiji  had passed a comment, that is, “Hindus are Cowards, and Muslims are Bullies!”He was right (though he did not realise that to some extent, he and his Policy of Peaceful Resistance that he thrust upon Hindus was responsible for it). He has tamed Hindus and Indians in general to such an extent that even after nearly 70 years of freedom and constant attacks by Pakistan on our country, our political leaders are hesitant to declare Pakistan ‘A Terrorist State’ nor withdraw the title of the ‘Most Favoured Nation’ from it!

As a Principle , “PEACE IS A NECESSARY STATE FOR THE SECURITY AND PROGRESS OF A NATION; BUT IT CANNOT AND SHOULD NOT BE BOUGHT BY REFRAINING FROM WAR AGAINST TRANSGRESSION INTO ONE’S LAND BY A COVETOUS NEIGHBOR NATION,           AT THE COST OF ITS OWN PEOPLE BEING THROWN OUT FROM ITS LAND , OR SLAVERY TO THE TRANSGRESSING NATION!

अगर हम हमारी धरतीमाँ को दुश्मनके आक्रमणसे बचाने के लिये लडनेमें हिचकिचाहट महसूस करें, तो लालत है हमपे!                   इतने भी गये गुज़रे नहीं हैं ‘हम हिंदुस्तानी’! जय हिंद!

Does Hindu Mythology distort and confuse the Concept of the Actual Hindu Theology? (76)

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Hindu Theology is the Theory of the Creation of the World and the Universe, with its Five Primary Elements, Planets/Constellations and the various forms of Life, by a Group of Superhuman Forces, with greater or lesser powers which are also concerned with its Regulation, Maintenance and Elimination of Deleterious or Worn out Matter from time to time. The information about this is contained in four main compilations known as the Vedas, viz. Rigveda, Yajurveda describing the sacrificial rituals, Samaveda, and Atharveda dealing with magic rituals through what is called Black Yajurveda, as different from the earlier Shukla Yajurveda. Besides these, there are other texts named the Upanishads,  Brahmanas(Texts), Puranas, as also Smritis and Shrutis, which are verbal communications.

For the benefit of making these abstract Forces and Main Elements intelligible to simple, less-/uneducated people, the various Forces or Energies and Constellar Creations were personified as Human-like beings called Gods and Demigods, and Idols as well as pictures of them were set up to facilitate  understanding and concentration for their worship, while the Negative forces or energies have been termed as Demons or Antigods,  namely  Asuras, Danavas or Rakshasas. That was reasonable enough. 

However, in course of time, several Myths have come up out of some people’s perverse imagination attributing the passions and weaknesses of human beings to the Gods which have degraded the Gods to the level of banal and ridiculous personages; for example, the story that Brahma lusted for and married his daughter Saraswati for generating life on Earth, and that Indra impersonated as Rishi Gautam to seduce his wife Ahalya, which lower their image. Considering that Brahma-Saraswati and Indra are merely personifications of the Abstract Creative Forces of the Universe, and the Force behind Thunder, Lightning and Heavy Rain respectively, Not actual persons, what is the sense in the perverse stories fabricated around them? It only indicates the projection of personal passions onto the personified deities by the weavers of the myths. The relationship of Brahma with Saraswati(who is really the personification of the attribute of knowledge ascribed to Brahma) could have been put as Brahma having taken the Help of Saraswati(His Knowledge) for Creation of  the Universe, and in the myth of Indra having impersonated as Rishi Gautam to approach Ahilya, Indra should be ascribed the motive of doing so to test the fidelity of Ahilya, who was actually a ‘Pativrata’, that is, a devoted wife, and Rishi Gautam should be said to have ‘misunderstood’and therefore cursed both Indra and Ahilya, whereby Ahilya turned to stone! Later, Ahilya was relieved of the curse by the holy touch of Sri Rama, who saw her in a stone-like state while wandering in the forest during His exile from Ayodhya and blessed her.

Likewise, Hanuman, a Forest Tribal devotee of Lord Rama, belonging to the kingdom of Kishkindha in Dandakaranya, which is said to be near Hampi of present Karnataka, has been depicted as a Monkey just because he has been mentioned in the Ramayana as a ‘Vanar’, which actually means ‘Forest Dweller’.It is known that the aboriginal tribals    have heavy and prognathous jaws, and the ‘tail’ is a part of the traditional attire of the tribe. Similarly, Ganapati is accorded an Elephantine head and face in the Puranas, which has    led to the followers of other religions taunting Hinduism as being a primitive religion, advocating Monkey and Elephant worship, when actually, some of these forms have a Symbolic meaning, like the Elephant head of Ganapati being a Symbol of His Wisdom!

Therefore, while we condemn the attempts of the nonbelievers in Hinduism to pull it    down by spreading distorted and blasphemous views about its deities and their practices, and painting offensive pictures of them, those of Hindu faith should also refrain from publishing depreciatory pictures or making up unsavoury myths about their gods, even      in the name of humour or joke! Do Christians, Muslims or Parsis ever depict or describe their deities in ridiculous or degrading ways?

For, if Hindus themselves do not present their gods/deities in a respectable and responsible way, how can we expect others to think well of it? All good concepts start     from Home. Hence, while it may be a good mission to rewrite portions of Indian History which is felt to have been written wrongly and derogatorily by the British rulers, it is also imperative to revise the existing Hindu Mythology written by Hindus and others, and delete the above mentioned and similar disparaging myths from Hindu Mythology books!