Author Archives: Usha Padiyar

About Usha Padiyar

Retired doctor, avid reader and blogger.

Origin of the Mongolian Races(Part – II) Ref: Our ancestors mated with the mystery ‘Denisovan’ people – twice | New Scientist


Our ancestors mated with the mystery ‘Denisovan’ people – twice | New Scientist
— Read on

Since these Denisovian people are supposed to have existed in two places, viz. from Altai Mountains of Siberia to East Asia, and in South East Asia, in two different streams, (coinciding with the habitats of the early Mongolian people, it would be interesting to investigate whether the abovementioned findings have relationship with the Origin/s of the Mongolian races, particularly in view of their strikingly different features compared to other races.


The Bible and Hindu Theology with reference to Islam: Their mutual relevance and relation to Primeval History and Anthropology.


Edited Version:

Religion, that is, belief in a Supreme Spirit or Force that has created the Universe and is the Controller of it, exists in all the communities of the world. Each religion preaches Love for All beings. Hence the initial aim of every religion was to induce its followers to live in peace with other fellow beings, and not take one another’s lives. Unfortunately though, with the sprouting of more and more religions over the ages on this earth, differences of religious beliefs between the various peoples of the world have made Religion itself a disturbing cause of clashes among communities in the present age. The strife is particularly marked between Muslims and Hindus in India, Muslims and Christians in the Western countries, as well as Muslims and Jews as also Christians in the Middle East. The reason is that each community believes it’s own faith to be true and superior to others.

However, if one goes into the study of the religions, one can observe many Common points between them, particularly between Hinduism and Christianity, in that a good number of the Hindu gods, like (1) Indra the Commander in chief of the gods, (b) Sukracharya (Sukra = Venus )who was also a member of the gods’ land, but rebelled to become the Priest and Guru of the Daityas or Antigods, comprising the Asuras(Assyrians, named Asshur in the Hebrew Bible) (2) Danavas (The Titans or the early, Hamite-mixed Indo-European Greeks) and the Rakshasas who were Ethiopian Hamites, that is Proto-australoids/aboriginal tribes, as also (3)Dhanvanthari, Physician of the gods, and (4) Yamraj, the God of Death, are relatable to the ‘Archangels’ (1) Michael, the Chief Archangel of God’s Army,(2) Lucifer the rebel Archangel of Enlightenment who was banished from the Land of God, (3) Raphael the Archangel of Healing, and (4) Azra-el, the Angel of Death respectively, that are mentioned in the Old Testament of the Jew and Christian Bible.

The Angels are recognised as’Farishte'(Holy Spirits) in Islam.’Azra-il’ is the name of the ‘Maut ka Farishte’ in Islam.

(It may interest some readers to learn that the Zoroastrians or Parsis, who are the worshippers of the Ahura Mazda, regard the Vedic Aryan or Hindu gods, particularly Indra, and ‘Ahriman/Angra Mainyu’, that is ‘Aryama'(an Aditya or aspect of the Sun God) as ‘Demons’!

Outwardly, it is the differences of theologies between the various religions that may strike one first. For Hinduism is a Polytheistic religion involving the worship of various divine spirits, BUT the divine spirits are manifestations of the One Supreme Spirit or Power to the many incarnations of Vishnu , the Lord for Protection of the Universe, who is one of the Brahmanical Trinity along with Brahma the Creator, and Shiva the Final Disposer or Catalyst. Contrary to the common belief that there are 33 crore Hindu gods, there are in fact only 33 classes (‘Koti’ in the sense of classes) of gods viz. 12 Adityas (gods of the Realm of Light) who are the different aspects of Surya, the Sun God; 11Maruts (gods of the Realm of Air, including Indra, the God of Thunder and Rain, and of War, Vayu, Parjanya or Torrential Rain etc; 8 Vasus or Terrestrial gods, and the Ashwini Kumars. Moreover, Hindus believe in the Cycle of Birth, Death and Rebirth, as also the Law of Karma, according to which One’s Good or Bad Deeds, in the Present and/or Past lives, are accountable for one’s Well-being or Sufferings. Judaism, Christianity and Islam do not subscribe to the Rebirth theory. However, they too believe in the theory of Retribution for Sins on Last Day of Revelation and Judgement by God or the Messiah sent by Him to the Earth to punish those who are Evil, and Reward the Noble and Self righteous.

Islam, Judaism and Christianity are Monotheistic religions. Islam and Judaism are separated from Christianity on the grounds that Christians regard Jesus Christ as the Saviour of Mankind by virtue of being the Son of God Jehova or Yahweh, because He died for the Sins of Mankind, and got resurrected as the Holy Ghost, so that those who accept him as their Messiah would be forgiven their Sins and admitted to Heaven on the Day of Revelation and Judgement.

The Jews too follow the Old Testament of the Holy Bible like the Christians, and the Muslims worship One Supreme Spirit, whom they call Allah, and follow the Quran which is said to be similar in content to the Old Testament, but they regard Christ only as a Prophet like Moses, not as the Messiah. For they believe that the real Messiah or Savior is still to come in a furious form like ‘Kalki’ for Hindus, Jehova for Jews, and ‘Imam Mahdi’ for Mohammedans.

Among the Christians, there areTwo broad divisions- Catholics and Protestants. The later comers, the Protestants do not worship Mary, the Mother of Jesus, but only Jesus Christ as the ‘Son of God’. Nor do they regard the Pope as their religious head and mediator between them and Christ or God. They are also more liberal about matters like divorce and birth control. The Catholics on the other hand, worship not only Christ and Jehova, but Mary too as The Holy Mother, and keep as well as decorate and bow to the statues of both in their churches. Yet, they claim that the service rendered by them to the statues of Jesus and Mary is not the same as the custom of idol worship among the Hindus, in that their decorating the statues of Holy Mary and Son is just their way of showing honour to Mother Mary and Christ.

Well, be that it. All the same, that practice as also the worship of Mother Mary in addition to that of Jesus Christ serves the important purpose of making Hindus (especially those of Goa where many Hindus were persuaded or forced to adopt Christianity) feel closer to the Catholics than to those of the other religions like Islam, because Mother Mary appeals to their sentiments as a version of the Mother Goddess Ambika!

Relation of the Biblical Characters to Primeval History and Anthropology :

The earliest Humans are represented by ADAM and EVE, and their sons CAIN the eldest, who originally tilled a farm but was cursed and banished by God to lead a Nomadic life for killing his younger brother ABEL, a breeder of livestock, out of jealousy), and SETH, the youngest son of ADAM and EVE, must have been the Palaeolithic Humans, and NEGROES. The Satan in the form of the SNAKE who tempted Eve to eat the forbidden apple, must have been a Naga tribal, I.e Mongolo- Dravidian,

A descendant of SETH born after many generations was NOAH, the Neolithic Man, from whom the Three main Biblical races, Ham, Shem and Japheth arose.

HAM the youngest, was the progenitor of the Proto-Australoid and Aboriginal Caucasian Tribes of Northern Africa (Egypt, Libya, Ethiopia, and Canaan- the father of Heth, Sin, Phillistines etc. ), Aboriginal Pre-Dravidians of India (including the Mongolo-Dravidians of Northeast India), Sri Lanka and Australia;

SHEM, was progenitor of the Semitic Mediterranean Arab races of Arabian subcontinent and the Dravidians of South India.

And JAPHETH was the progenitor of the Alpine and Nordic Caucasian races of Europe, Eurasia. West Asia, Iran and the Central as well as Southeast Asia.

(1) The Aryans of Iran/Persia who migrated to Iran from Europe, and occupied the Upper Indus Valley ,were Nordic Caucasians., and descendants of Meshech(Muscovy near Moscow) and Madai. They were accompanied by (2) Indo-Scythians who were an Alpine Caucasian tribe of Central Asia, and were the priests of the Aryans. They were descendants of Magog.The two races are mentioned as the ‘Gentiles’ of the East in the Bible, and are the descendants of Japheth.

(3) It is not yet certain from which Biblical character/s the Mongolian/Mongoloid races of Mongolia like the Huns, Chinese, and the people of Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia have originated. According to the Bible, they are supposed to be the descendants of Gog, Magog, (called yajuj and Majuj in the Quran), Meshech(Southwest Russia) and Tubal(Anatolia or Turkey), the Turkish descendants of Japheth.

According to some authors, a number of them like the Chinese, have a Hamitic mixture – with the Sinites, considering the prefix ‘Sino’ used by the Chinese to indicate themselves in their links with other nations e.g. Sino- Indian, whereas the Nagas and American Indians as well as the ancient Sumerians appear to be Mongolian/ Mongoloid tribes of the Far East, who mixed with the Canaanite Dravidians. They are an enigma in themselves in that they believe themselves to have descended from the ‘Reptilian Serpent Alien’, namely the notorious ‘Sea Dragon’ Leviathan, the representative of the Satan!

Why I regard Devi Parvati(Annapoorna),The Mortal Woman Who attained Divinity and Immortality through her tedious ‘Tapasya’ or Ordeal to become The Spouse of Shiva as – Not My ‘Aaradhya’ or Deity for Worship, but my ‘Adarsh’ or Role Model!o


I am not a worshiper of idols by faith, although being a Hindu by birth. Yet I keep pictures of the popular Lord Krishna and Goddess Parvati, also called Devi Annapurna, which surprises those visitors to my residence who are aware of the nature of my beliefs. They also question me about the apparent contradiction between what I profess and what I display in practice. Hence I feel the need to explain the seeming discrepancy as follows.

The Simple Reason is that one tends to just revere a deity as a godhead who is uncomparably superior to oneself, and to idolise him or her as a divine entity for worship and turning to for passive receipt of boons or blessings. On the other hand, one tries actively to emulate the superior being whom one regards as one’s Ego- ideal or Role Model for Self-improvement.

For example, the Lord Krishna is more than a God to me. I consider Him rather as my Friend, Guide and Philosopher, to get inspiration and solutions to any dilemmas or problems that I may face from time to time. What I like about Him is that His character combines the virtue of being Good and ‘Bhaktavatsal’, that is, ‘He Who Loves His Devotees’, along with Wisdom – both Spiritual and Worldly Wisdom, viz. Practical Cleverness, a quality which many good. and spiritual people lack, because of which their virtues are exploited by crafty and unscrupulous persons, as of Sri Rama!

Likewise, my favourite Female Icon is Devi Parvati, also addressed as Uma, Ambika and Annapoorna,’The Bountiful and Compassionate Mother’, But I regard Her as an Ideal ‘Role Model’ of Womanhood than an Object of Worship.

I have always admired the type of woman projected by the late actress Durga Khote in films, namely, an elderly woman from a prominent family, like a zamindar’s wife who is as wise as she is benevolent, concerned with the welfare of the villagers and ready to give help and advice to whoever approaches her, as well as food to needy, being a good cook herself, hence ‘Annapurna’. However, because of my father’s preference to high education above cooking and housework, which he (wrongly) believed to be so simple that it could be learned on one’s own after completion of the student years, I feel that I have succeeded in becoming the ‘Lakshmi and Saraswati’ of my family and also Durga to some extent BUT missed the opportunity to develop into a good Gruhini or Housewife, and an ‘Annapurna’ or expert cook, which I shall always regret! However, with due respect to Kaali worshippers, I dread and prefer to remain away from the fierce Maa Kaali who asks for Animal Sacrifice, as I am a follower of the Vaishnava Dharma!