Monthly Archives: June 2014

(34)The Principle of Ahimsa ( Non violence) : What Is The Limit and at what/whose cost? Is the Limit of Ahimsa being stretched Too Far and Making its Followers Handicapped and Helpless ?

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MATTER for DEBATE : Long ago, the Buddha propounded and established the policy of ‘Ahimsa’ or Non – Violence for establishment of Peace and Harmony in this world, and to call an end to unnecessary bloodshed.
The same principle is advocated by Jain Tirthankars, who oppose even the killing of harmful creatures such as insects, rodents and rabid animals, though it is known that they are the vectors of deadly diseases like
Rabies and Plague!
There is unwillingness of many Governments to award the Death Sentence even to hardened criminals guilty of the most gruesome crimes for the same reason.
Of course, by Ahimsa, they don’ t say that terrorists should be allowed to roam Free Without check, or that they should not be arrested/imprisoned, but they support Life Imprisonment to Death Penalty, on the principle that Awarding the Death Penalty to any convict, no matter how grave or heinous his offence, is morally wrong, amounting to ‘Taking An Eye For An Eye’, and against the Basic Tenets of Humanity!

The teachings of Jesus Christ too, endorse this ideal, judging from his words,” If someone slaps you on one cheek, turn the other cheek to him”!
In Ireland, a Catholic country, there was a big dispute some years back over the propriety of doing Medical Termination of Pregnancy, for saving the life of a mother, Sarita, who died because of the rigid reservation over MTP.
So TWO lives were lost ultimately in place of one feeble life -of the baby. ‘Penny wise, Pound foolish’, was the attitude of the attending doctors and the hospital! Even after this tragedy, it is not known whether they have become any wiser, or realise that they have committed a bigger Sin by letting the mother die to save a moribund foetus, and disrupted the married life of a young couple. This case is a glaring example of how dogmatic laws result in more loss of lives than any saved.

‘Ahimsa’ in itself is no doubt a very lofty and noble principle, deserving to be followed by all, for smooth interpersonal relationships and social progress.
However, it is felt by many people now that the application of this policy
is stretched to unrealistic, debilitating and nearly suicidal limits by its proponents in the present aggressive times. For to apply the principle to the last letter, the enemy should also be magnanimous, like Chhatrapati Shivaji was supposed to have been, and spare/leave one unhurt if one party shows disinclination to fight, and willingness to make peace, but unfortunately, every enemy is not so large hearted !

These are days when some of the old ‘Kshatriya spirit’ of valiance, for which some of the ancient Indian Kings, like Maharana Pratap, Chhatrapati Shivaji etc. are remembered to this day, needs to be revived for strengthening Society, but with the injunction to avoid initiating unnecessary bloodshed or killing of course !

(The great Emperor Ashoka, who had expanded his empire far and wide, from part of Bengal in the East, upto Afghanistan and part of East Persia, and down to the border of Dravida Pradesh, is said to have renounced warfare and embraced the Policy of Non-Violence of Buddhism ,after the Battle with Kalinga, in which many people of Kalinga died trying to save their country, which pierced the heart of Ashoka with pangs of guilt, when he saw the toll of lives that his drive to become a Supreme Emperor had taken in the conquered country.
It may be noted however, that King Ashoka had not felt any repentance after his earlier conquests, because the Kings of those regions probably surrendered without fierce fight. The chieftain and people of KALINGA in contrast, did not give in, and fought until their last breath, which resulted in the massacre of a large number of their army. This touched him deeply and changed his philosophy about life and victory totally, converting him into a devout follower of the ‘Ahimsa’ doctrine of Buddha, and as a renowned and Great sponsor of Buddhism, spreading it far and wide, down to Ceylon(as Sri Lanka was called earlier),     as he was filled with intense remorse for being responsible for such a big genocide that occurred due to his ambition to be hailed as ‘Ashoka The Mighty, Invincible Emperor’        of India  !

The MORAL is that everyone should observe moderation in his love for conquest, or power, and should not be totally unconcerned about the lives of other countrymen. Likewise, he should not start a battle,or inflict violence on anyone except for Self Defence; otherwise, a time may come when he falls in his own eyes and earns the curses of others.

HOWEVER, that does not mean that a ruler or Government of a country has to abandon the Kshatriyakarma of warfare totally. Otherwise, who would protect the subjects of the nation from attacks by other countries?
King Ashoka’s own empire did not last long after he gave up his Kshatriya dharma! The Buddhist fraternity and philosophy got an ideal and strong patron, but his kingdom lost      an Excellent King, and crumbled soon after he gave up war for Ahimsa or nonviolence!

(Perhaps, he should have arrived at a compromise and right balance between his Kshatriya Dharma and his awakened conscience against War and Violence by restricting warfare thereafter, strictly to the defense of his kingdom as expanded till then, and Refrain from going out to make ANY MORE conquests, rather than giving up warfare totally.
Also, he could have let Kalinga keep its freedom, and developed friendly ties for mutual cooperation  against common enemies’ as well as give its surviving leaders and subjects heavy compensation for their loss, and help for rehabilitation. The last step might have been taken by him anyway, as part of his repentance. )     

Hence Warfare, or at least the preparation for it, is an unavoidable Duty and part of every Government, and a ruler cannot afford to be so naive or impractical as to renounce it for religious sentiment or wrong ideas of respect for Life. For in a war, if Our soldiers don’t kill the enemy who is encroaching upon our land and refuses to budge, He will kill our Armymen, and grab our territory and tyrannise our countrymen. That’s the fact of Life !

Even Sri Rama and Sri Krishna had to perform the unpleasant duty of killing the Demon Kings Ravana and Kansa respectively, after giving them ample chance to amend their wicked ways of harassing good people, for the latter were smug and unrepentant.

Still, some communities cling on to the ideal of Ahimsa rigidly, like Buddhists and some others who expect to preserve their land and security by passive resistance and appeal to other nations all the time, and land up becoming the victims of massacre or slaves of their assailants or else live as fugitives /refugees of any country which cares to give them shelter!

The National policy of India too favours the principle of Non-violence because of the adoption of it by Gandhiji, the Father of The Nation, who indeed, succeeded in winning for India it’s freedom by peaceful means! (But that was because it was a fight against the Rule of the British who had some cultural values, not Islamic Jihad! In fact, some say that the arrival of the British was a mixed blessing in disguise, for otherwise India would still be oppressed by the Mughals, as the last Mughal was still around when the British East India Company arrived!) Also, according to recent reports and the statements of some British officials conversant with the factors that forced  the British to ‘Quit India’ and grant it Freedom, the credit for India’s Independence goes more to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Active Fight by Counterattack, than to Gandhiji’s ‘Satyagraha’ policy of Peaceful and Passive Non- cooperation!

However, looking to the general upheaval of the tendency towards violence in countries around us, and all over the World, in the present times, it has become imperative to set a pragmatic limit to it – that it should be relaxable, if and when it becomes an impediment for SelfDefense andSurvival – for it has become too much of a good thing now, of which unscrupulous persons in our Society and neighbourhood are taking unfair advantage, and posing danger to our people!

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was also said to be against the rigid imposition of the policy of Non-Violence on Freedom fighters, as he had seen the extreme torture suffered by some revolutionaries because of their inhibitions regarding countering attacks on the enemies.

Hence, a Moderate and unstifling Policy of Ahimsa, which does not hinder the steps for self-defense of our nation, needs to be laid down.
Because ‘Fighting for survival’ is the right of all individuals and countries, besides ‘Flight’, and ‘fright’ into accepting subjugation or slavery of others, and no person or ideal has the right to deprive anyone of the use of that defense mechanism when needed, otherwise it would be be tantamount to ‘ sparing the Rod of Violence for wicked persons at the expense of innocent and harmless common citizens!
The Main Principle is that the defense of FIGHT, should be reserved, as far as possible, as the LAST RESORT, ONLY FOR the purpose of DEFENSE,and Not for revenge or the selfish ambition of conquest and subjugation of others. However, Not utilizing the natural defense even for survival, either leads to ruthless bloodshed at the hands of the enemy, or to rueful loss of status, as happened to the Dravidians, who were the real pioneers of the Indus Valley Civilisation, who became Marginalized to the far South, while the Adivasis or aboriginal tribes, called Pre-Dravidas became ‘Dasas’ or menial servants in their own country because of their compliant nature and disinclination for battle.

Each living being is provided by Nature with its own defense/s, which have to be used and strengthened for survival, and no community should be prevented from ‘judicious’ utilization of any of them in the name of impractically lofty ideals, if and when the need to employ them arises.

[But YES, JUSTIFICATION is THE PRIMARY requisite in every case, and counterattack is warranted ONLY when one is left with no other option for one’s selfdefense and survival, not simply for the pleasure of ruthless conquest over a peaceful neighbour, as the Emperor Ashoka did, to his Utmost regret subsequently, due to the horror of seeing the people of
the opposite nation not just defeated, but destroyed totally!]

Because of their excessive peacefulness, the position of the pre -Dravidian aborigines or ‘Dasyus’ (slaves) in the ancient times, became very pathetic, and they were left with no option but to live in small pockets of the country as Forest tribes, or submit to being used as chattel for menial work of the conquering race, the Aryans, and be reduced to the despicable rank of ‘untouchables’ ! And all because they were peace loving people, and had not made any preparations for war in self defense. Yeh bhi koi Zindagi hai ?

To expect any person or nation to abide uncompromisingly to the ideal of Ahimsa is therefore like binding one’s hands and expect one to survive in the onslaught of a raging bull, when one could easily do so, if allowed to use all his faculties! It is like goading one to commit suicide, as if the life or security of oneself and one’s near and dear ones, or one’s Nation, is so insignificant and dispensable as to sacrifice it to the alter of an impractical ideal!

Going by the rigid Principle of absolute Non Violence, a Nation might as well remove its Army, Police, Air Force and Naval Force, and replace them with religious leaders (like Swami Swaroopananda) to try for a change of heart of the enemies of India and of humanity in general, like the Talibans, ISI, LeT and their likes.  If the strategy works, nothing like it, but will it? It requires the will and cooperation of both sides to succeed!

Nevertheless, opinions of readers on the subject are welcome !

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(33)Did the Mongoloid race including the Chinese, Japanese and South Eastern Asians descend from the Satanic ‘Dragon’ (Reptilian Serpent Alien) as per the Chinese belief ?

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Recently, I came across an interesting article stating that the Chinese and Mongolian races believe that they, the bradycephalic Mongoloid races, especially of South East Asia, including North East India, are descendants of the ‘Dragon’,their venerated animal, who is also known as the ‘Reptilian Alien’, as the Mongoloid races appeared ‘ Alien’ to the Westerners when they first came into contact with them. ( Who knows, the mysterious Aliens on UFOs in space are also a branch on Mongoloid people, judging from their puffy, and slanting eyes!)
The Kingdom of Bhutan also calls itself the ‘Land of The Thunder Dragon’, and offers homage to it, by putting posters of it at all public places, as well as in ‘Jhongs’, as their Buddhist monasteries are called. Likewise, Vietnam is called ‘The Land of the Ascending or Rising Dragon’, while Thailand’s Imperial Palace, is named ‘Thai Hoa’, that is, ‘Land of Dragons’, and is full of decorated images of Dragons all over the place, especially over the Royal Throne, though Thailand itself is called the ‘Land of the White Elephant’, as also the ‘Land of The Free’, as it, like Bhutan, has never been colonised by any other nation, and is also know as the ‘Land of Smiles ‘!

Strange as their belief in the origin of the Mongoloid races, like the Chinese, from the Dragon, may be to think of, it is not as impossible as it seems, considering that the whole process of evolution has been from Aquatic creatures like the Fish, which gradually evolved into amphibian forms living on land and in water, like Reptiles such as Serpents and crocodiles which resemble the Dragon, and turtles, which were the only living creatures that survived, besides organisms like algae and fungi, after the massive deluge which is said to have wiped all land animals like the dinosaurs from the face of the earth.

These Surviving Aquatic forms- Fish and Amphibians like the Reptilian Snakes and Crocodiles – evolved into Land Animals and Mammals, including the Ape, and the Ape-like ancestor of Humankind; and thereafter into the modern Human, known to anthropology as- ‘Homo Sapiens’.

However, this theory of evolution applies to all human races, so it is not clear why some authors have mentioned only the Mongoloid races as the descendents of the Dragon and not all humans. It has been explained by some writers on the basis of the similarity of     the narrow and slanting eyes and puffy upper eyelid of the Crocodile, Serpent and Dragon, or of the ‘Aliens’, with those of Mongolians, as the basis of the hypothesis !            

 However, Hindu Mythology too mentions two prominent serpents, viz. Sheshnag, the 5-hooded King Cobra residing in the Primeval Seas and serving as the Resting Couch with the hoods bending like a Shade (Anantashayana) for Lord Vishnu, aka Narayana. (A Solar God of the Primeval Celestial Waters), and Vasuki, the Terrestrial King Cobra(Naga)Serpent coiled around the neck of Lord Shiva, suggesting subservience of the Naga Tribes to the Mesopotamian and Aryan deities. It is pertinent to mention here that Vishnu belongs to the class of entities known as ‘Devas’or gods, who are said to have been of Solar tribes of the Scytho-Mongolian race, while Shiva was initially a Mesopotamian  Lunar God, who was the King of the Nagas(a Mongoloid tribe of Cobra and elephant worshippers),and the Deity of the Rakshasas who were an aboriginal tribe, and of their Antigod allies or Daityas like the Asuras(Assyrians) and Danavas(Titans), but was later accepted as the ‘Deva of the Devas- Mahadeva’, by the Aryans.

Another report published some years back suggested that women evolved from Dolphins, which are Sea Mammmals. One author has suggested further that Men have descended from Crocodiles, while women are from Dolphins ( just as it is said Astrologically that Men are from Mars, and Women from Venus). I have not been able to know the basis for this proposition, and take it with a pinch of salt. However, both the supposed animals of origin – Dragon Or Reptilian Serpent /Crocodile, and dolphins have one thing in common, in that both of them are Aquatic creatures . Perhaps, therefore, it is likely that the variation of origin of human beings is not gender wise, but race wise. That is, not only women, but both, (1) Men and women of the Dolichocephalic , that is, the long headed races of the Middle East and the West, viz. the Australoid , Mediterranean, Nordic Caucasian and most of the Negro races – incidentally, all the people being from seaside regions – might have evolved from different aquatic creatures, I.e. Dolphins, or according to some, from a subspecies of Sharks, which are creatures living primarily in the waters than the land, before evolving into a different, longheaded variety of apelike animal or ancestor living in lowland forests, like Chimpanzees, Gorillas and Orangutans, and (2) The Brachycephalic races, namely, the Mongoloid and the Alpine or Turkish Caucasian races comprising the Celts, Scythians, Armenians and Huns, who evolved from the Reptilian Serpent(resembling the Dragon), which is an amphibian animal, into a brachycephalic ape-like ancestor resembling physically and genetically, the broad headed or bradycephalic Gibbon, and a variety of it, the Siamang, which stayed in the mountainous Southeast regions of the Asian continent, which are said to be conducive to broad heads(though it does come down to the lowlands  for food when needed), before evolving into the Homo-species, which accounts for the broad heads of the Mongoloid people.

Hence, it is likely that there was NOT just ONE centre or apelike ancestor of   the origin of humankind, as per the theory of Darwin and some Western Anthropologists – that is, the one which arose in the Congo basin of Africa; and migrated to other continents; Or, according to the Biblical theory (Chap. of Genesis,Old Testament), somewhere in the Mesopotamian Valley(Mespot), before being put in the Garden of Eden of the Middle East, at the head of the Tigris and Euphrates ,(still seen in modern Geographical Maps as ‘Adana’, of which Eden is the English form, on the South East Coast of Turkey) – in ancient Anatolia, now called Antalya. BUT, there were AT LEAST TWO different Pockets or ‘Vessels’ of Evolution, the Other one being in the Far East, near Peking, presently called Beijing, the place of origin of The ‘Peking Man’), where the Homo Erectus, the stage before Homo Sapiens or the Modern Humankind, evolved from a different Apelike ancestor..

Some anthropologists and geographers of the pre- and post-Darwinian periods like Karl Vogt(1864), also believed in the ‘Polygenist Evolution’ theory, (as against The ‘Monogenist’, viz. ‘Descent of all Human races from One Common Apelike Ancestor of Congo Basin inAfrica’ theory) that the possibility of the Three main different races of the Three main regions, viz.  Negroes, Caucasians and Mongolian races, or putting it colorwise, the ‘Black, White and Yellow’ races, having originated from THREE different apelike ancestors- viz. the Chimp and Gorilla, and the Orangoutan type ancestors of The Black and White races respectively, while the Gibbon is related to the Mongoloid race, on the different continents of Africa, Europe and Asia. One of the latest subscribers to the Polygenist theory is the Geographer , Akhil Bakshi, Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society, who has brought out a paper during a scientific expedition in 2006 on his ‘Multiregionalism’ theory, which is to the same effect, and due for publication as a book. (He has not mentioned the Brown or Mediterranean race, but like many other authors like the famous historian S.V.Ketkar, author of the book, ‘History of Caste in India’, he probably believes them to be a branch of the Caucasian race).However, his ‘Multiregionalism’ theory has been refuted and rejected by several pro-Darwinian world experts.

Now, one more type of plausible ancestor, named ‘Australopithecus Deyiremeda ‘,  has been identified on the basis of its strong jaws and small teeth, found in its fossils in the Afar area of Ethiopia, which is supposed to have been the contemporary of the hitherto known ancestor, named ‘Lucy’! So alongwith Mankind, the Knowledge of the process of Evolution is also evolving!

According to Biblical belief, the Mongols were probably the descendents of Cain (the eldest son of the primordial couple Adam and Eve), who was cursed by God to live an unsettled nomadic life for having slain his brother, Abel. Cain himself was not a Mongol, but a Negro. However, his descendents like Tubal-Cain were born Mongoloid as a result of Cain marrying a girl of a Mongol/Chinese tribe, who were Hittites and Sinites respectively, i.e. descendents of Canaan and Cain’s brother Seth. According to Anthropologists, the Mongoloid race, which includes the Mongols, Chinese and Japanese, and related tribes, came into existence as an adaptation of some wandering Hittites, to the cold Desert environment of Mongolia. This may be true, for as per the Bible, the descendants of Tubal Cain are said to have been migrating folk who were good at making and playing Musical instruments, as well as the manufacturing of Iron ware, as Mongolian Nomads were also supposed to be.

(What is intriguing is that the mentally retarded children with the genetic abnormality, ‘chromosome21Trisomy’, labelled ‘Down’s syndrome ‘have Mongoloid features, because   of which the condition used to be known as ‘Mongolism’. This term is no longer prevalent, as it is offensive to the Mongolian people, who are not at all retarded in any sense. Nevertheless, the question does remain why all the children born with this disorder in      any country of the world, should have mongoloid physiognomic features, and not of some other type, as for example, Negroid!)

It seems that there is much more to the process of Evolution than Darwin’s theory, for just recently, I saw a Television feature about ‘ Aliens’ on the History Channel, which suggested that the ‘Aliens’ may have played some part in evolution, at the point of branching out of the human race into many forms, possibly at the stage of arrival of the Cro-Magnon Men, who appeared in Europe around 35000 years back, and were quite different and superior to the pre-existing Neanderthals. 

Prof. D.D. Kosambi, in his book, ‘ An introduction to the Study of Indian History’, has written that “The sudden appearance of a superior type like the Cro- Magnon man, the earliest form of the modern tall, erect man in Europe, with a bigger (dolichocephalic) skull, may have been the result of ‘such a fertile cross’.” The same could very well have been the cross between the earlier Neanderthal/Paleolithic man and the earliest Mongolians (at which stage, all the three main races are said to have been developed), who might have been taken to be an ‘Alien’ race by the Early Eurasian World, because of the different and unfamiliar looks. For it has not been proved till to date that any ‘extraterrestrial ‘Alien’ ever existed on this earth.Or it may be a  Neanderthal-Protomediterranean cross. However, it is not certain where exactly the ‘cross’ took place, in Europe or in Asia.

Hence, the Cro-Magnon Man was a Hybrid race, which was marked by a larger head and more intelligence than the Neanderthals, may be because of acquisition of the superior intelligence of the Other race (quite likely, the Mongoloid early humans), by cross-fertilisation of the Neanderthal race with it. 

(Likewise, the later races like the Indo-Sythians, Aryo- Scythians are also mixed races, with Mongoloid and possibly a Dravidian mixture, and are quite different from the original Scythians, who are said to have been purely Caucasoid Europeans of the Alpine type, characterised by a typical European look, viz. a brachycephalic head, light coloured hair, Fair skin, blue eyes, Straight nose, and a tall, stocky build.)

Therefore , the so-called ‘Aliens’ could not have been any real reptilian or serpent-like Aliens, nor Mythical creatures, but must have been real early human entities, named so by the early Europeans, because of the ‘strange’ looking (to the non-mongoloid early humans) facial features of the Mongoloid people, like the slanting eyes with puffy eyelids, which might have looked serpentlike to the former, and their slender bodily build, which were in gross contrast to the Neanderthal man.

(The Origin of the Cro- Magnon, I.e. ‘Big-headed’ Man is from a hill in Dordogne, France, appearing c.35000 years ago. This type is associated with the Aurignacian Flint industry, relating to the early stages of the Upper Paleolithic culture in Europe and Near East, to about 34000-29000 years ago, that is, the early Neolithic period. The Origin of the name ‘Aurignacian’ comes from Fr. Aurignacien, of Aurignac in SW France, where objects from this culture were found.) This more evolved and sophisticated type came to light after nearly 100,000 or more years of the Neanderthal primitive, ape like caveman.

These are interesting and challenging Points related to Evolution of Human-kind, which should make a good subject for further study and research!
Darke Jensen of the Dept of Bioscience, Aarhus University is doing research
on the link of human beings with reptilian Humanoids, along with Danish research workers and those from Univ of Amsterdam(ref. Website: Message to Eagle).

Could the Steady Universal Increase in Aggressiveness and Violence by Men Be Due to A Gradual Genetic change in the            Y-chromosome     on account of harsh EcologicalConditionesp. in people from Desert areas, as for example in the Asuras of the Vedic age,as also Muslims from the Middle East, and Mongolian desert,and from freezing Arctic areas?

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Open the Morning Newspaper, Put On the TV or Transistor, and I can bet that the First News you would get for Breakfast before you get your daily Bread and Butter, would be of ‘Rape and/or Murder’, in UP/NCR of India
and elsewhere, like the gruesome Nirbhaya Gangrape case in Delhi
on 16/12/2012, and recently of the two cousin sisters in Badaun, who were raped and hung from a tree for everyone to see, as well as some more in Muzaffarnagar, UP ! Cases of incest, due to declining respect for close blood ties have also become a regular event. The limit of shamelessness and bestiality came to light a few days back with the report of a 25- year old man from Pala, Kerala, arrested for raping his Mother!
Years ago, as a Medical student, I had read about a similar case of a 35-year old Sri Lankan Man who raped his 55 year old mother, in ‘Modi’s Textbook of Medicolegal Jurisprudence and Toxicology’, and was shocked beyond words! This is one more sordid case of that sort!

Of course, India or Sri Lanka are not the only countries to be ridden with the scourge of Rape, but a Worldwide problem, though that is no solace for the girls/women abused in this or any other country.

It’s as though the men involved in such debaucherous crimes have been born with nothing but their ‘organ’ to show for the fact that they are men!
Rape is therefore the ‘Lingo of the Lingam’ to establish the superiority and thereby, the Birthright of Power of Males over the Female sex !

As a matter of interest, some authors say that the word ‘Male’is related to the word ‘Men’ meaning ‘to think’, cognate with ‘Mind’, which makes men superior to animals, but does the behaviour of the present generation of men reflect thoughtfulness at all? Many seem to have degraded from Male to ‘Mal’, meaning bad or ill!

It is not as if this growing ‘cult of violence’ is limited to India alone, or only to the crime of Rape. Instead, rape is in many cases, a specific type of violence perpetrated by men with a generally violent mindset, on women because they are soft targets on account of their sexually violable body and dependent position in the family.
In India, the attacks of Maoist Naxalites on our Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF) Jawans In Chhattisgarh and similar attacks by militant and terrorist groups elsewhere, are also a regular menace.
Lately, it was the abduction of 270 girls in Nigeria by a terrorist fundamentalist gang, as hostages (for release of their members
who have been imprisoned by the Nigerian Government),who are still waiting to be rescued. It is learnt that some of the girls have been subjected to atrocities like child marriages, and immoral traffic.
Before that, the world had been stunned by the blood-chilling blow-up of the twin World Trade Centre towers in Washington, US, on 9/11/2001(September 11,2001) through a plane attack by the Terrorist Group Taliban, the same one who did not hesitate to shoot even the 15-year old Malala Yousafzai of the Swat valley of Pakistan,for daring to go to school for education, and now, have owned responsibility for the attack on the Karachi Airport !
The memory of the horrible incident of the Ruthless Shoot-Out in the
Taj Mahal and Oberoi- Sheraton Hotels in Mumbai on 26/11/2008 by the other Terrorist Organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba(LeT), which took a toll of many innocent lives, including some of the Dedicated Officers of our Anti Terrorist Squad (ATS) like Hemant Karkare, it’s Maharashtra Chief, still haunts the minds of Indians, particularly those living in Mumbai!
The large number of abductions, and massacre of people, taking place currently in Iraq and Syria is also frightening and arouses anxiety about
the rising incidence of violence in the world!

On the other hand, nowadays, we are hearing of cases of females, even of some wild animals, like the recently reported example of a tigress who was acting as a foster mother to a deserted young deer, instead of making
a meal of it, and was driving other animals away from the little deer, until one day, when she happened to go a little away from it, some other wild animal came and devoured it! Likewise, there was a photograph some time back, of a cat suckling a newborn deserted puppy alongwith her own kittens, in contrast to the proverbial saying of cats and dogs being eternal enemies of each other, accounting for the comparison of people quarreling constantly to ‘fighting like cats and dogs’! (The credit for this fostering instinct may be given to the double X-sex chromosome in females).

The saddest part of these atrocities is that neither the perpetrators of the crimes nor the concerned Govt. or other authorities are at all repentant about the toll of lives they have taken or destroyed.
Some persons say that Violence in one form or another, and Terrorism, have always existed everywhere from the beginning of mankind, but that the Media is hyping and highlighting the current incidents more than ever before, and selectively, which leads to the impression of increase in crime rate in the present period.Yet, most people agree that there IS a definite rise in aggression and deliberate cruelty, as well as callousness towards other persons, especially women, in the World, from the last several years,
more visible from the beginning of the 21st century.

One author has written that the rise in the tendency towards violence in the last century is seen from the fact that in the earlier centuries, when one country or community sought to conquer another country, or acquire power over another community, as between the landlords and the serfs, the aim of warring and fighting, was usually to capture the wealth or property of the others, and make the vanquished or subdued people their slaves to serve them,but usually,the invaders did not kill the defeated people unnecessarily, once the war or fight was over.Now, however, the mentality of aggressors has become more vicious in that they want to kill and ‘exterminate’ whoever comes in the way of their ruthless quest and greed for power and possession.
In cases of rape too now, whether a woman submits to, or resists the rapists’ attempt to violate her chastity and sanctity, she is killed mercilessly and in gruesome ways!

There are many circumstantial and psychological reasons for this marked deterioration in the mentality of people, like broken homes and faulty family atmosphere or surrounding social atmosphere and wrong company, tough competition, frustration, revenge, drug addiction, hormonal imbalance, mental instability, Religious Intolerance, and not least, the influence of the Media like Porn films or feature films packed with scenes glorifying violence of all types on women and also on weaker rival men, which enforce the image of theMacho or powerful man as a violent person. However, there can perhaps also be a gradual Genetic Change in the constitution or quality of even the single Y -chromosome itself, of men (linked with the qualities of drive and Assertiveness in men) over the ages, which may partly account for this rising ‘male-fic’ tendency!

It is known that men staying in regions where ENVIRONMENTAL conditions are HARSH, and nature is not very bountiful in her resources, like the Extremely Cold Arctic region and Siberia; Northern Mongolia which also has very cold, long, harsh winters and hot summer (due to which probably, it is one of the sparsely populated countries), and the Arid, Hot, Sandy Desert of Arabia as also the Gobi Desert of Mongolia and China, are more pushy, adventurous, enterprising, and inventive, having better tools and weapons (for ‘Necessity is the Mother of Invention’), as well as more aggressive. So in the past, they were the first ones to move out as nomads from their original habitat to invade, conquer, enslave and plunder the naturally endowed countries in the Tropics and Mediterranean regions, where the abundant natural riches literally ‘falling into their lap’ had made the people become used to a cushy life, and therefore, gentle, complacent and peace- loving, as well as less competitive and aggressive in their dealings with others, because of which they succumbed without much resistance to the invaders.

[It is said that among the Aboriginal Forest Tribals of Bastar in Chhattisgarh, in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, who have a unique system of living in a communal habitat called ‘Ghotul’, there were practically no case of rape committed by the tribal men themselves on their womenfolk, but later, people from cities started coming there, and began raping their women!
In Contrast, the men of Northern India, which has always been the seat
of invasions and is more commercialized than the Southern states,
are generally more aggressive than South Indians and have a lower threshold for violence].

Wreaking Violence on the defeated menfolk and ravishing the womenfolk of the conquered nations and subdued people was, according to the invaders, a part of the plunder, and their right, as a way of establishing their supremacy over the vanquished people. This is how Might became Right, and a physically or in any way Mighty man came to be regarded as a Winner and therefore superior than docile men and women, who are seen as losers, to be pitied or bullied.The unfair use of power over, and victimization as also wanton, merciless exploitation of weaker individuals by the strong, became a pardonable offense. In course of time, the Rulers, Bullies or Macho Men became an ego ideal for the men of the conquered races to identify with.

The double standards and Codes of conduct set by various religions -for the rulers and the ruled, for men and women, as well as for the Upper Classes and castes, and the Landlords/Industrialists, vice Lower classes and castes and the labourers- too, are very much influenced by this Power hierarchy!

The difference in the adventurousness and aggressiveness between the conquerors and their slaves is definitely related to the contrasting qualities acquired by their respective genes in the process of environmental adaptation. The higher and excessive aggressiveness of the men of certain communities over others seen in the present age too, may be accordingly linked to some change in their genes in response to the subtle, but sure
and continuing deterioration over the centuries, of the environment,
eg.Global Warming, due to the Modern Men’s violating and destroying nature, like cutting trees and forests, as also closing ponds and lakes to make place for skyscraper buildings everywhere in their place,
‘Rape of Mother Nature’, which backlashes at them in all her Fury, through Natural Disasters like devastating floods,earthquakes,Tsunamis and Jungle fires, as well as by degrading their morale, raising their pugnaciousness and tendency towards violence, compounded by other factors like their social conditioning.
Truly, it has become a Vicious cycle- this fierce Fight for Power and Survival between the modern unscrupulous Humankind and the Furiously ‘Heated’ Mother Nature, in place of the mutually nurturing and supportive, ‘Synbiotic’ , Live and Let Live relationship that existed between Nature and our early ancestors!

The Menace of the Cult of Violence as a means of establishing power over others, appears to have become resistant to the Traditional Legal ways
of control,like Life imprisonment, and Religious Taboo on Violence and Immorality, so it has become a great source of worry for people who desire Peace, and calls for serious steps to curb it, like enforcing the existing laws strictly and unfailingly, tightening censorship over titillative Media,
like Blue/Porn films as well as feature films glorifying sexual offenses and violence and demeaning women, as also over provocative ads using scantily dressed models for sale of their products like dresses, cars etc., besides tightening the Family Planning campaign, as depletion and damage of the environment and it’s resources is to a great extent due to shortage of space created by overpopulation.

Nevertheless, destruction of the Environment has to be stopped, and corrective measures, viz. planting of trees, have to be taken on urgent basis,
Alongwith improvement of irrigation and water resources.

Side by side, Research is also needed to be done into other biological, especially Genetic factors that may be accountable in addition for
Habitual Violence.

It is known that men with an extra Y-chromosome, I.e. Men with XYY Chromosomal pattern, are more aggressive than others.
It is felt that to find out whether there is a change or mutation in
the genetic constitution or quality of the DNA of the Y-sex chromosome of Habitually Violent men, or those with Personality Disorders with a tendency to ‘act out’ their emotions through aggressiveness, who may not have an extra Y-chromosome, a Genetic study can be conducted on Convicts jailed for Habitual criminality and violence,viz. Habitual rapists or murderers, against a Control group of men who are of normal assertiveness or forcefulness, which can give us an insight into the possible Genetic basis
for the aberrant behaviour of some men.

In SUMMARY, The rising aggressiveness and violence of men on women and the weaker sections of society in the recent ages- rape, murder and torture-is a cause of growing concern to Humanity, in India and all over the world.
This may be largely due to the sociological and psychological stress of
the fast life of modern man in the present age of urbanization and industrialization, in contrast to the calm life of earlier agricultural rural societies, as also growing competition due to POPULATION EXPLOSION,
as well as the tendency to look down upon women as chattel.

However, there is a possibility of a gradual deleterious genetic change having occurred in the Y-chromosome and others, as a biological response to the GLOBAL WARMING and resultant HARSH ENVIRONMENTal conditions due to excessive commercialisation impinging on the environment, causing excess secretion of the male sex hormone, Testosterone, which adds to their aggressiveness cannot be ruled out, and may be detected through Genetic Research. In fact, a latest survey carried out by research workers of the University of California and the Cornell University(USA), have reported having found the emergence of new and rare genes among Humans, due to Genetic Mutations in Overpopulated communities and countries, some of which may be responsible for the birth of a significant number of children with inherited and congenital defects and disorders, while some children may exhibit new, hitherto unknown and rare faculties and abilities, termed by the research scientists as ‘X- Men’. I don’t know why the children are called ‘X- Men’ instead of ‘X-Kids’. It is not specified in the Article that most
of such children are Males . If so, they should be labelled as ‘Y- Men’ (but not necessarily ‘Supermen’ )!

(Till then, perhaps treating convicts with habitual violence, with injections of calculated doses of some medicine which can reduce the effect of Testosterone on its target organs, and possibly its production, besides standard psychotherapeutic methods, may help to reduce their aggressiveness, and throw light on possible modes of treating such cases).

If a breakthrough occurs in the Genetic research on this problem, It may also subsequently pave a way to control the excessive aggressiveness and tendency of some males to act out their impulses like anger or sexual desire through violence, with the aid of the Science of Genetic engineering!

Till then we can only wonder, ” Y, Oh Why ?” !