Yes, I am afraid it would. Those Indians who support the idea of Abolishing the Article 370 of the Constitution of India, and demand its immediate implementation, think that because India is a nation with Hindu majority, the opening of the doors of the State of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh will be followed by a rush of mostly Hindus into all the Provinces that will ‘correct’ the demographic balance towards making it a Hindu majority State, as the Kingdom of Jammu was, Once Upon A Time, before it came under the British rule and got possession of the Muslim majority Kashmir Valley in 1846 AD through them, which has become a ” ‘Chhachhundar’ stuck in the throat” of the earlier Jammu state and now of India too.
It would have been better if Raja Gulab Singh who was the Maharajah of Jammu then, had kept Kashmir as the separate princely state as it was earlier, simply annexed to Jammu, instead of merging it with Jammu and making Srinagar its winter capital, thereby converting his Hindu majority state into a Muslim majority one. For the Muslim population in the Kashmir Valley in 1846 AD was 94-95% of the total population in the Valley, and overwhelmingly more than the Hindus in Jammu and Ladakh put together, as a result of which the combined state became an overall Muslim majority state, with only the Jammu province left with Hindu majority.
What Raja Gulab Singh, who thus became the Maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir (generally addressed as the Maharajah of Kashmir) should have done then was (1) to merge only the part on the East and North of the Jhelum river in the Kashmir valley, including Srinagar district, housing the religious and pilgrimage sites of importance to Hindus, that is being demanded now by the Kashmiri Pandits for the formation of an enclave for their resettlement, namely ‘Panun Kashmir’; and the KPs and other residents of the area alone should have been made the citizens of the Princely State. (2) The rest of the valley of Kashmir should have been maintained and ruled as an Annexure of the State of Jammu without merger.
This would have facilitated the division of the state into (1) a Hindu majority state of Jammu and Panun Kashmir with Ladakh, which could have been merged later without dispute with India, after Independence, While (2) the Muslim majority remainder of the valley could have logically gone to Pakistan without war or plebiscite after the Independence of Jammu and Kashmir at the same time as India and Pakistan, in August 1947, wherefrom the dispute over the right over Kashmir started.
However, Kashmir was a prime property that Raja Gulab Singh did not want to keep as a separate property that could break loose anytime, so He merged it with Jammu to make it an integral part of His State despite the protests of the Kashmiri Muslims who wanted it to remain their ‘Independent Kashmir’, and free of Jammu. Also, in 1846, when the Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was under the powerful British sovereignty, He may not have imagined the subsequent events and problems that were to occur a century later that his descendent Raja Hari Singh would have to encounter.
The attempt to correct the distorted demography of the State of Jammu and Kashmir at this stage by abolition of the Article 370 could backfire on India, especially on Jammu and Ladakh. Because it can happen, contrary to the beliefs of Hindu Indians, that people of other religious communities (not ruling out even more Muslims in addition to the Rohingyas already in Jammu – outnumbering the Kashmiri Pundits, Dogras and other Hindus as always Buddhists of Tibetan origin) may storm into the State, which will be impossible to prevent, once the ‘Lock’ of the Special Status of the State is opened by scrapping the Article 370 from the Indian Constitution.
Things were different during the strict and powerful British Sovereign Rule, who could quash all rebellion from the Kashmiri Muslims and their supporters or other insurgent groups with an iron hand; but we know the mettle of our post Freedom politicians and their parties who are unrealistically and exasperatingly committed to the ideology of pacification of their enemy nations even in the face of attacks.
Even in the case of former PM Lal Bahadur Shastri, who is regarded by many Indians as the Best PM India has had so far, it is said that he made the Indian Forces retreat and return to India after they had reached as far as Lahore during the Indo Pak War over Kashmir in 1965, because it was violative of India’s policy of Peace and Non-aggression (not meaning absolute nonviolence or passive resistance like Satyagraha in the event of actual wars initiated by the enemy) but not to transgress into or invade the enemy’s territory, though it may have been done by our Army for defence purpose. That is, wage war only to save our country’s territory from invasion and illegal occupation, just to make the enemy nation realise that we cannot be conquered easily. That’s all. Not to ‘Crush the Enemy’s Head in His Burrow’ for good, so that it may not raise its ugly head again!
[I call this policy set by Jawaharlal Nehru the ‘Dharmaraj Yudhishthira’ Policy, or the ‘Policy of Yama’ (said to be his father or presiding deity) in the sense of rigid Self- Restraint(संयम) even at the cost of victory, which subdued the valiant spirit of our first Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and thereafter stifles the Indian Army, representing Arjun, the brave warrior of the Pandavas (who was supposed to be the son of Indra, the Commander in Chief of the Gods). Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar was the Bhim of the first Independent Indian Government Cabinet, and Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was Karna, their dissident brother who, like Ambedkar, was against the addition of the Article 370 to the Indian Constitution, which was one of the reasons for his resignation from Nehru’s government and from the Indian National Congress. (Nehru accepted that demand of SheikhAbdullah and the Maharajah of Kashmir because he wanted them to accede Kashmir to India with any terms and conditions). Nakul and Sahadev were just the followers of the elder four Pandavas. Deplorably, there has been No wise Guide like Krishna in Free India till now, due to which there is no end in sight for this ‘Mahabharata’ in ‘Mera Bharat Mahaan’. Perhaps, Subramanian Swamy who has joined BJP to be its MP, without becoming a minister can be compared to Sri Krishna, as the ‘Parthasarathy’ to Narendra Modi, but unfortunately, his advice is not taken seriously or followed by the Modi Government until very late!
In short, the result of the revocation of Article 370, and with it Article 35-A, may well turn out to be an irreversible ‘ANTICLIMAX ‘, or a disgraceful ‘Fall On The Face’ for Hindus. For Hindus(barring exceptions like Punjabis, Jats, Rajputs and some others like the Marathas and Kshatriyas of Coorg as well as certain tribes of North East), particularly Kashmiri Pundits, are really no match in pugnacity and aggressiveness to the fiery Muslims and Sikhs!
Hence, the Best Option to my mind under the present circumstances, is to let the Article 370 remain(at least in the Kashmir valley and Ladakh to retain their ethnic and cultural identity but with the two kept separate under different leaders), and the whole State (or Kashmir and Ladakh) be placed under Central Rule as a Union Territory with its Special Status, but with a strong and wise Governor posted there with full powers for its Rule, with military help to be taken only as and when, and where required- until the law and order situation in the state is fully under control.
Regarding the question of desirability and feasibility of maintenance of Article 370 in Jammu province, or making it a full fledged state under the Indian Union as its people desire, much discussion is required between the people of Jammu and the Central Government, in consultation with the Ministry of Law and Legislature, to take the right decision.
Once the law and order situation is under control, however, an effort should be made to find out how many Kashmiri Muslims are in league with the separatists, and then talk with those who are not, to understand their needs, and with the separatists too about why they are dissatisfied with the Indian government, and what the Govt. can do for them(except grant separation from India). As for those who wish to separate to become Independent or citizens of Pakistan, they should be told that they can be transferred to ‘Azad Jammu-Kashmir’ if they want, and if Pakistan Government is willing to accept them.