The Bible and Hindu Theology with reference to Islam: Their mutual relevance and relation to History and Anthropology
Religious differences between the various peoples of the world has become a disturbing cause of clashes among people in the present age. The strife is particularly marked between Muslims and Hindus in India, Muslims and Christians in the Western countries, as well as Muslims and Jews as also Christians in the Middle East. The reason is that each community believes it’s own faith to be true and superior to others. However, if one goes into the study of the religions, one can observe many Common points between them, particularly between Hinduism and Christianity, in that some of the Hindu gods are relatable to the four main Archangels of Christianity, a few of them recognised as ‘Farishte’ in Islam. To substantiate, (1)Indra who is the God of War and Commander in Chief of the gods, is equivalent to Michael, the Chief Archangel of God as per the Christian belief; (2)Lucifer, who was the Archangel of Enlightenment but expelled from God’s Kingdom for rebelling against God, is analogous to Shukracharya, the Priest of the Antigods, (viz. the Asuras/Assyrians, and their allies, the Danavas(early Greeks who were non-Vedic mixed Aryans, known as Titans as they were gigantic, and the Rakshasas- who were protoaustraloids with Mongoloid mixture). He was originally a Rishi of the Deva clan but shifted his loyalty in protest against another Rishi Brihaspati being made the Devguru. Shukra means Venus. Shukracharya has another name ‘Ushinas’ meaning Light. There is a Chinese name for him too, ‘Sukhoi Ochai’, suggesting his origin to be from Central Asia. He might have been a Sumerian or of the Turks-Mongoloid stock.. (3)The Third Archangel, Gabriel, was the Messenger of God, who is also believed to be the one to have delivered divine revelation to the prophet Mohammed Paigambar; he can be compared with Buddha(Mercury), who is said to be the Messenger of the Devas. (4) Raphael, the Archangel of Healing, is Analogous to ‘Dhanvantari’, who is the Physician of the Devas. There are other Angels besides the above named ones. They are – (5)Uriel, who was the angel appointed with a ‘flaming sword’ to protect the gates of the Garden of Eden after the first humans, Adam and Eve were driven out out from there for disobeying God’s instruction not to eat the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, on the instigation of the Satan in disguise of the Snake on the tree. He can be related to ‘Agni’ or Fire, which is an important presiding deity of Hindus for various occasions. (6) Then there is Zadkiel, the angel of Benevolent and Mercy, who can perhaps be compared to Shiva. (7) The Sun God, of which an important aspect is Mithra(that is, Friend), who was the God of the early Persians, has been said to have some similarities with Jesus.
FINALLY , the Almighty God, or Devadhideva, that is the Main Deva above all the Devas, called ‘Lord of the Sky or Heavens’ was, according to the early Vedic Aryans,’URANUS'(Ouranos in Greek and ‘Varun’ in Sanskrit, which was the First Divine Light that existed before the creation of the Sun, who is also probably The God of the Bible. The name ‘Varun’ has now come to mean Neptune, the Lord of the Waters). The place of Ouranos was given later to Vishnu- also an aspect of the Sun – by the Aryans.
Outwardly, unfortunately, it is the differences between the various faiths that strike one first. For Hinduism is a Pantheistic religion involving various divine spirits, from the One Supreme Spirit or Power to the many incarnations of Vishnu , the Lord for Protection of the Universe, who is one of the Brahmanical Trinity along with Brahma, the Creator and Shiva, the Final Disposer or Catalyst. Contrary to the common belief of 33 crore Hindu gods, there are only 33 classes (‘Koti’ in that sense) of gods viz. 12 Adityas (gods of the Realm of Light) who are the different aspects of Surya, the Sun God; 11Maruts (gods of the Realm of Air, including Indra, the God of Thunder and Rain, and of War, Vayu, Parma ya or Torrential Rain etc; 8 Vasus or Terrestrial gods, and the Ashwini Kumars.
Islam, Judaism and Christianity are Monotheistic religions. Islam and Judaism are separated from Christianity on the ground that Christians regard Jesus Christ as the Saviour of Mankind by virtue of being the Son of God Jehova or Yahweh, who died for the Sins of Mankind, and got resurrected as the Holy Ghost, so that those who accept him as their Messiah would be forgiven their Sins and admitted to Heaven on the Day of Revelation and Judgement. The Jews too follow the Old Testament of the Holy Bible like the Christians, and the Muslims worship One Supreme Spirit, whom they call Allah, and follow the Quran which is said to be similar in content to the Old Testament, but they regard Christ only as a Prophet like Moses, not as Messiah. Among the Christians, there are two broad divisions- Catholics and Protestants. The Protestants do not worship Mary, the Mother of Jesus. Nor do they regard the Pope as their religious head and mediator between them and Christ or God. They are also more liberal about matters like divorce and birth control. The Catholics on the other hand, worship not only Christ and Jehova but Mary too as The Holy Mother.
Yet, non-bigoted, non-dogmatic Scholars of the Study of Religious Faiths would realise at some point that there are significant similarities between the religions, if one cares to notice. As an example, the story of the massive flood at the beginning of the prehistoric period and the story of Noah’s Ark, which has its counterpart in the Hindu legend of the ‘Boat of the Seven Rishis including MANU, the Father of Man’.
ADAM and EVE were probably NEGROES of the Palaeolithic Age;NOAH was the Neolithic man, and his progeny, the Hamites, Shemites and the Japhethites, were the progenitors of the main races of mankind, that is, the NEGRO, Caucasian, Mediterranean, Mongoloid races. The Negroes and their descendants reside mostly in Africa, United States and the West Indies. Some are also to be seen in the Andaman- Nicobar Islands. CAUCASIAN races are of Three subtypes- (1) the Bradycephalic or broadheaded Alpine, including the Celts, Scythians and Huns(with Mongoloid traits), White Huns or Ephthalites, and the Turkish people.(2) The Nordic , dolichocephalic/long headed races who spread downwards from Northern Europe to modern Britain,Greece,Italy, Russia and Northeast Persia/Iran; (3) the Proto-Australoids of whom the Hamitic groups with Negroid mixture are the descendants. They form the population of Northern and North east Africa, i.e. the descendants of the Egyptians, Libyans, Ethiopians and of those of Canaan or Mediterranean Sea coast. They also include the aborigines or pre- Dravidians of India. The Alpine and Nordic subtypes are the descendants of Japheth who are also known as the Gentiles, and include the Aryan races. MEDITERRANEAN/Brown RACES are the Semitic races that originated mainly in the Arabian subcontinent, and comprise the Syrians, descendants of the Assyrians, Arabs, Elamites who resided near the Persian Gulf, and the descendants of Lud in Anatolia/West Asia, viz. the Lydians. They are supposed to be the progenitors of the Dravidians who first occupied the Indus Valley and now the South Indian states, mainly Tamil Nadu and Kerala. MONGOLOID races include the races of the nations of the Far East and South East Asia, viz. China, Japan, Mongolia, North and South Korea, etc. and of the Indo-Chinese Archipelago. Their typical featured resembling Down’s Syndrome have led some anthropologists to presume their origin from a very cold region, as of the Eskimos of Alaska accounting for their narrow eyes and puffy upper eyelids.American Indians too have similar eyes.
Whatever the race, thanks to advanced technology, people of all races are met with in all parts of the Modern World, mingling with ease with the local people.Thus, the Ultimate motto of every religion is Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, that is,’The Earth is One Family’, no matter how the sentiment is perceived and expressed by the people of the different religions and races that exist on it!