The Bible and Hindu Theology with reference to Islam: Their mutual relevance and relation to History and Anthropology


The Bible and Hindu Theology with reference to Islam: Their mutual relevance and relation to History and Anthropology
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Religious differences between the various peoples of the world has become a disturbing cause of clashes among people in the present age. The strife is particularly marked between Muslims and Hindus in India, Muslims and Christians in the Western countries, as well as Muslims and Jews as also Christians in the Middle East. The reason is that each community believes it’s own faith to be true and superior to others. However, if one goes into the study of the religions, one can observe many Common points between them, particularly between Hinduism and Christianity, in that some of the Hindu gods are relatable to the four main Archangels of Christianity, a few of them recognised as ‘Farishte’ in Islam. To substantiate, (1)Indra who is the God of War and Commander in Chief of the gods, is equivalent to Michael, the Chief Archangel of God as per the Christian belief; (2)Lucifer, who was the Archangel of Enlightenment but expelled from God’s Kingdom for rebelling against God, is analogous to Shukracharya, the Priest of the Antigods, (viz. the Asuras/Assyrians, and their allies, the Danavas(early Greeks who were non-Vedic mixed Aryans, known as Titans as they were gigantic, and the Rakshasas- who were protoaustraloids with Mongoloid mixture). He was originally a Rishi of the Deva clan but shifted his loyalty in protest against another Rishi Brihaspati being made the Devguru. Shukra means Venus. Shukracharya has another name ‘Ushinas’ meaning Light. There is a Chinese name for him too, ‘Sukhoi Ochai’, suggesting his origin to be from Central Asia. He might have been a Sumerian or of the Turks-Mongoloid stock.. (3)The Third Archangel, Gabriel, was the Messenger of God, who is also believed to be the one to have delivered divine revelation to the prophet Mohammed Paigambar; he can be compared with Buddha(Mercury), who is said to be the Messenger of the Devas. (4) Raphael, the Archangel of Healing, is Analogous to ‘Dhanvantari’, who is the Physician of the Devas. There are other Angels besides the above named ones. They are – (5)Uriel, who was the angel appointed with a ‘flaming sword’ to protect the gates of the Garden of Eden after the first humans, Adam and Eve were driven out out from there for disobeying God’s instruction not to eat the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, on the instigation of the Satan in disguise of the Snake on the tree. He can be related to ‘Agni’ or Fire, which is an important presiding deity of Hindus for various occasions. (6) Then there is Zadkiel, the angel of Benevolent and Mercy, who can perhaps be compared to Shiva. (7) The Sun God, of which an important aspect is Mithra(that is, Friend), who was the God of the early Persians, has been said to have some similarities with Jesus.

FINALLY , the Almighty God, or Devadhideva, that is the Main Deva above all the Devas, called ‘Lord of the Sky or Heavens’ was, according to the early Vedic Aryans,’URANUS'(Ouranos in Greek and ‘Varun’ in Sanskrit, which was the First Divine Light that existed before the creation of the Sun, who is also probably The God of the Bible. The name ‘Varun’ has now come to mean Neptune, the Lord of the Waters). The place of Ouranos was given later to Vishnu- also an aspect of the Sun – by the Aryans.

Outwardly, unfortunately, it is the differences between the various faiths that strike one first. For Hinduism is a Pantheistic religion involving various divine spirits, from the One Supreme Spirit or Power to the many incarnations of Vishnu , the Lord for Protection of the Universe, who is one of the Brahmanical Trinity along with Brahma, the Creator and Shiva, the Final Disposer or Catalyst. Contrary to the common belief of 33 crore Hindu gods, there are only 33 classes (‘Koti’ in that sense) of gods viz. 12 Adityas (gods of the Realm of Light) who are the different aspects of Surya, the Sun God; 11Maruts (gods of the Realm of Air, including Indra, the God of Thunder and Rain, and of War, Vayu, Parma ya or Torrential Rain etc; 8 Vasus or Terrestrial gods, and the Ashwini Kumars.

Islam, Judaism and Christianity are Monotheistic religions. Islam and Judaism are separated from Christianity on the ground that Christians regard Jesus Christ as the Saviour of Mankind by virtue of being the Son of God Jehova or Yahweh, who died for the Sins of Mankind, and got resurrected as the Holy Ghost, so that those who accept him as their Messiah would be forgiven their Sins and admitted to Heaven on the Day of Revelation and Judgement. The Jews too follow the Old Testament of the Holy Bible like the Christians, and the Muslims worship One Supreme Spirit, whom they call Allah, and follow the Quran which is said to be similar in content to the Old Testament, but they regard Christ only as a Prophet like Moses, not as Messiah. Among the Christians, there are two broad divisions- Catholics and Protestants. The Protestants do not worship Mary, the Mother of Jesus. Nor do they regard the Pope as their religious head and mediator between them and Christ or God. They are also more liberal about matters like divorce and birth control. The Catholics on the other hand, worship not only Christ and Jehova but Mary too as The Holy Mother.

Yet, non-bigoted, non-dogmatic Scholars of the Study of Religious Faiths would realise at some point that there are significant similarities between the religions, if one cares to notice. As an example, the story of the massive flood at the beginning of the prehistoric period and the story of Noah’s Ark, which has its counterpart in the Hindu legend of the ‘Boat of the Seven Rishis including MANU, the Father of Man’.

ADAM and EVE were probably NEGROES of the Palaeolithic Age;NOAH was the Neolithic man, and his progeny, the Hamites, Shemites and the Japhethites, were the progenitors of the main races of mankind, that is, the NEGRO, Caucasian, Mediterranean, Mongoloid races. The Negroes and their descendants reside mostly in Africa, United States and the West Indies. Some are also to be seen in the Andaman- Nicobar Islands. CAUCASIAN races are of Three subtypes- (1) the Bradycephalic or broadheaded Alpine, including the Celts, Scythians and Huns(with Mongoloid traits), White Huns or Ephthalites, and the Turkish people.(2) The Nordic , dolichocephalic/long headed races who spread downwards from Northern Europe to modern Britain,Greece,Italy, Russia and Northeast Persia/Iran; (3) the Proto-Australoids of whom the Hamitic groups with Negroid mixture are the descendants. They form the population of Northern and North east Africa, i.e. the descendants of the Egyptians, Libyans, Ethiopians and of those of Canaan or Mediterranean Sea coast. They also include the aborigines or pre- Dravidians of India. The Alpine and Nordic subtypes are the descendants of Japheth who are also known as the Gentiles, and include the Aryan races. MEDITERRANEAN/Brown RACES are the Semitic races that originated mainly in the Arabian subcontinent, and comprise the Syrians, descendants of the Assyrians, Arabs, Elamites who resided near the Persian Gulf, and the descendants of Lud in Anatolia/West Asia, viz. the Lydians. They are supposed to be the progenitors of the Dravidians who first occupied the Indus Valley and now the South Indian states, mainly Tamil Nadu and Kerala. MONGOLOID races include the races of the nations of the Far East and South East Asia, viz. China, Japan, Mongolia, North and South Korea, etc. and of the Indo-Chinese Archipelago. Their typical featured resembling Down’s Syndrome have led some anthropologists to presume their origin from a very cold region, as of the Eskimos of Alaska accounting for their narrow eyes and puffy upper eyelids.American Indians too have similar eyes.

Whatever the race, thanks to advanced technology, people of all races are met with in all parts of the Modern World, mingling with ease with the local people.Thus, the Ultimate motto of every religion is Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, that is,’The Earth is One Family’, no matter how the sentiment is perceived and expressed by the people of the different religions and races that exist on it!


Why I regard Devi Parvati(Annapoorna),The Mortal Woman Who attained Divinity and Immortality through her tedious ‘Tapasya’ or Ordeal to become The Spouse of Shiva as – Not My ‘Aaradhya’ or Deity for Worship, but my ‘Adarsh’ or Role Model!o


I am not a worshiper of idols by faith, although being a Hindu by birth. Yet I keep pictures of the popular Lord Krishna and Goddess Parvati, also called Devi Annapurna, which surprises those visitors to my residence who are aware of the nature of my beliefs. They also question me about the apparent contradiction between what I profess and what I display in practice. Hence I feel the need to explain the seeming discrepancy as follows.

The Simple Reason is that one tends to just revere a deity as a godhead who is uncomparably superior to oneself, and to idolise him or her as a divine entity for worship and turning to for passive receipt of boons or blessings. On the other hand, one tries actively to emulate the superior being whom one regards as one’s Ego- ideal or Role Model for Self-improvement.

For example, the Lord Krishna is more than a God to me. I consider Him rather as my Friend, Guide and Philosopher, to get inspiration and solutions to any dilemmas or problems that I may face from time to time. What I like about Him is that His character combines the virtue of being Good and ‘Bhaktavatsal’, that is, ‘He Who Loves His Devotees’, along with Wisdom – both Spiritual and Worldly Wisdom, viz. Practical Cleverness, a quality which many good. and spiritual people lack, because of which their virtues are exploited by crafty and unscrupulous persons, as of Sri Rama!

Likewise, my favourite Female Icon is Devi Parvati, also addressed as Uma, Ambika and Annapoorna,’The Bountiful and Compassionate Mother’, But I regard Her as an Ideal ‘Role Model’ of Womanhood than an Object of Worship.

I have always admired the type of woman projected by the late actress Durga Khote in films, namely, an elderly woman from a prominent family, like a zamindar’s wife who is as wise as she is benevolent, concerned with the welfare of the villagers and ready to give help and advice to whoever approaches her, as well as food to needy, being a good cook herself, hence ‘Annapurna’. However, because of my father’s preference to high education above cooking and housework, which he (wrongly) believed to be so simple that it could be learned on one’s own after completion of the student years, I feel that I have succeeded in becoming the ‘Lakshmi and Saraswati’ of my family and also Durga to some extent BUT missed the opportunity to develop into a good Gruhini or Housewife, and an ‘Annapurna’ or expert cook, which I shall always regret! However, with due respect to Kaali worshippers, I dread and prefer to remain away from the fierce Maa Kaali who asks for Animal Sacrifice, as I am a follower of the Vaishnava Dharma!